Mental health is not a taboo; it refers to our cognitive behavior and emotional wellbeing. It should be accepted by people like other diseases i.e. cancer, diabetes, etc. Like other medical conditions, it also affects a person and makes him suffer psychologically i.e. happy outside hollows inside where proper treatment is required. It is not a thing that should be kept under the carpet or hidden just by thinking what people are gonna react about it, or people might label us mental if we visit psychologist or psychiatrist. This type of behavior needs to be demolished. Mental health is an integral part of our lives, we cannot live happily without it.
Many organizations take initiatives to promote mental health awareness. For instance: NAMI, the National Alliance on Mental Illness, is the nation’s largest grassroots mental health organization focusing on providing better lives for millions of Americans affected by mental illness. Such steps should be appreciated being the first step towards a positive outcome.
Well, to be honest, it is very difficult to distinguish whether a person is suffering from mental health problems or is it just a physical disease. Because both cases are different having particular symptoms. But there are some symptoms which might help in better understanding of adults and adolescents. Superfluous fear, too much sadness, muddled thinking or problems concentrating and learning, extreme mood swings, consistent feeling of anger or irritability, introvert behavior, suicidal thoughts, hallucination and many more are the apparent symptoms which appear in the person of every age, whenever they suffer from mental health problems.
Mental health conditions are an abnormality in a person’s behavior i.e. deviation from normal. Looking at the past, we see diverse behaviors and stereotypes about mental health until APA has introduced DSM (DIAGNOSTIC STATISTICAL MANUAL FOR MENTAL DISORDERS) in 1952, which is the first step towards the awareness and betterment of mental health and its related disorders; like the first drop of rain in a desert.
According to the latest edition of the DSM-5 definition of mental disorder is the following:
“A behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in an individual. It reflects an underlying psychobiological dysfunction. The consequences of which are clinically significant distress (e.g., a painful symptom) or disability (i.e., impairment in one or more important areas of functioning)”
Don’t feel reluctant to reach out if do you think you or someone from your social circle is suffering. You must know about mental health to help yourself and others. Obviously, by knowing mental health you know warning signs which motivate you to visit Mental Health Professional. He will use the latest edition of DSM (diagnostic statistical manual for mental disorders) published by APA (American Psychiatric Association) for diagnosis. This diagnostic manual includes feelings, behaviors and time limits to be classified as mental health conditions officially. Diagnosis also includes following disorders and their classifications i.e. intellectual disability, ADHD, Anxiety disorder, Bipolar disorder, Borderline personality disorder, Depression, Dissociative disorder, Early psychosis, and psychosis, Eating disorders, Obsessive-compulsive Disorder, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Schizophrenia based on which an individual is diagnosed.
After diagnosis, the next step by the psychiatrist or psychologist is to provide treatment i.e. medication, therapy or lifestyle changes. Treatments for mental illness vary from person to person according to individual diagnosis. There’s “no one size fits all” treatment.
Moving ahead towards the causes of mental health conditions, one event or comment does not trigger it. Behind it, a prolonged condition or event may be present but we cannot ignore genetic, environmental and lifestyle impact on mental illness. Moreover, biochemical processes, circuits, and the brain also had a strong impact on mental health conditions. Every person suffers from anxiety for a short period but when it extends for a longer period or affects our daily routine, it becomes a disorder. The same is in the case of every disorder.
Awareness regarding mental health conditions should be given at school, colleges and university levels. Workshops, symposium should be conducted for laymen awareness. Stigmatization of people suffering from mental health conditions should be discouraged rather than supporting it.
People suffering from mental health conditions need someone who can listen to them rather than making fun of them. Someone who can take them out of the depressed phase. Someone who can consider their situation and respond even to their non-sense. Be that someone!
People criticize a lot, be the one who appreciates.